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HUACA ARCO IRIS OR DRAGON

This temple is situated in the District of La Esperanza, on the Panamerican Highway. It belongs to the Chimu culture. The temple was called Ciempiés (Centipede) (Horkheimer, 1944) and The Dragon (Schaedel, 1948).There are still evidences in some reliefs of yellow color, for that reason it was also known as Huaca de la Muralla Dorada (Temple of the Golden Wall). However, the most utilized denomination is Arco Iris (Rainbow).

The temple is surrounded by a  perimeter wall of 60 by 54 meters in each side. The only entrance is orientated to the west. The decoration was dedicated to the Rainbow like a symbol of fertility and rain. This appears represented seven times in one wall of the temple. Under each rainbow are observed a couple of snakes, one of them has two heads and another one finishes in a fish tail. Perhaps, as representation of the two sexes: female and male. The snake with two heads is also taking the Tumi or ceremonial knife. The reiteration of this animal is associated with other cultures, for which it was a symbol of  water and fertility of the land. To the top of the wall, there is depiction of dancers in movement, dancing to the entrance.

Around the platform there are 14 storerooms where offerings and wooden sculptures were discovered.


 
 

 

 

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